List of minerals

Last update: 2.5.2017.

List of minerals

Supplement Watch - List of minerals


The chloride ion is a negatively charged ion that is formed when the element chlorine gains an electron. Chloride is formed e.g. when hydrogen chloride is dissolved into water. Chlorine in its elemental form is a poisonous gas. Chlorine combined with sodium, potassium or hydrogen becomes chloride. Chloride is commonly found e.g. in salt (NaCl).


A key role for chromium in the body is related to control of blood sugar. That is why there has been so much hype around it as a weight loss mineral.


Copper plays an important role in producing energy in cells, building tissue and maintaining blood volume. Copper is required to manufacture collagen.


Main function is in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, thyroxine and triiodothyronine.


Magnesium is required for energy production. It contributes to the structural development of bone. It is also required for the synthesis of DNA and RNA. Magnesium plays a role in the active transport of calcium and potassium ions across cell membranes (important for nerves to function normally). Magnesium is also a cofactor in several enzyme systems including protein synthesis, blood pressure regularion, blood glucose control and muscle and nerve function.


Fairly unknown but important mineral with many roles.


Molybdenum works in the body to break down proteins and other substances. Molybdenum has an important role in normal body functions.


Phosphorus is primarily used for growth and repair of body cells and tissues. All body cells contain phosphorus but most of it, 85 percent, is found in bones and teeth. There, together with calcium, phosphorus provides structure and strength. Phosphorus is also required for other biochemical processes including energy production and pH regulation.


Selenium is also considered to be an antioxidant. It probably works together with other antioxidants such as vitamins C and E to protect the body's cells against free radicals.


Zinc is vital for many biological functions. It plays a key role with many enzymes in the human body. It is found in all parts of the body but muscles and bones contain most of the body’s zinc (about 90%). Also prostate gland and semen contain considerably high concentrations of zinc.

External links

Wikipedia-Dietary element MedlinePlus-Minerals